There is no doubt that hypertension is catching up with almost everyone in Nigeria as the prevalence cuts across all categories of the population. It is commonly known as the silent killer among the citizenry.
Studies show that over 100 million Nigerians are hypertensive and the number keeps increasing because of factors like lifestyles and urbanity.Almost 20 percent of Nigerians are aware that they are hypertensive and the disease is twice when compared with other East African countries. The disease puts patients at the risk of heart disease, stroke and kidney failure.
According to research, in 2010, there were more than 20 million cases of hypertension in Nigeria affecting one in-three men and one-in-four women. This is set to rise to 39 million cases by 2030.
Hypertension is a silent killer because it has no warning signs to alert the sufferer and can only be detected through health check-ups. Consequently, Nigerians are often advised to go for regular medical check-ups to prevent sudden cardiac deaths. Also, people are urged to adopt healthy lifestyles and eat balanced diets, exercise regularly and avoid smoking, alcohol intake and excess salt consumption.
Nigerians need to have access to affordable natural supplements because results of screenings for hypertension conducted in rural and urban communities, reveals that almost 90 percent of hypertension cases are on people living in urban cities in the country.
The screening have revealed that about 4.5 million people within the age of 15 are hypertensive and 40 percent of the adult populace have hypertension.
After findings, there was disparity in the results of people with hypertension, adding “the disparity is obvious and was expected because of the environmental factor, people in rural communities are not exposed to noise and other environmental pollutions, from industries, generators, and numerous vehicles exhuming hazardous gas to the air. Feeding habit is another challenge, we discovered that people living in rural communities eat more vegetables and fresh foods, the urban residents would naturally prefer fried foods and carbohydrates without regular exercise to born the fats which are also toxic to the body, those in rural communities also sleep early, but in urban cities life begins at night.”
Blood pressure ranges include:
· Normal: Less than 120/80
· Prehypertension: 120-139/80-89
· Stage 1 high blood pressure: 140-159/90-99
· Stage 2 high blood pressure: 160 and above/100 and above
Frequently, there are no symptoms as blood pressure increases but warning signs for very high blood pressure can include chest pains, confusion, headaches, ear noise or buzzing, irregular heartbeat, nosebleeds, tiredness, or vision changes.