Thank You For Showing Interest-Here's What You Need To Know About Infertility: Causes, Diagnosis, Risks and Treatments


Infertility refers  to the biological inability of an individual to contribute to conception, or to a female who cannot carry a pregnancy to full term. In many countries infertility refers to a couple that has failed to conceive after 12 months of knowing each other without the use of contraception.


According to The Mayo Clinic, USA:

  • About 20% of cases of infertility are due to a problem in the man.
  • About 40% to 50% of cases of infertility are due to a problem in the woman.
  • About 30% to 40% of cases of infertility are due to problems in both the man and the woman.


Many cases of apparent infertility are treatable. Infertility may have a single cause in one of the partners, or it could be the result of a combination of factors.


Causes of Infertility In Men

Natural male reproduction depends on several things.

You must be able to:

  • Make healthy milk that can fertilize the egg
  • Have a standing pole and releases the milk which reaches to the egg

Problems with either of these may mean you have infertility. 

How Is Male Infertility Diagnosed?

  • Milk count (Milk analysis). At least 2 milk samples are taken on separate days. These include how much milk you make, how uniform it is, and how acidic it is. He or she will also look at how many milk you make, how well they move, and what shape they are.
  • Blood tests. Your provider may use blood tests to check hormone levels and rule out other problems.
  • Other tests. Your provider does these tests to find the cause of milk defects or health problems of the male reproductive system. For instance, imaging tests like an ultrasound may be used to look at your testicles, blood vessels, and structures inside the scrotum.
  • Testicular biopsy. If milk analysis shows that you have only a few milk or no milk, your provider may remove a small piece of tissue (biopsy) from each testicle. The sample will be checked under a microscope.

Who Is At Risk For Male Infertility?

You may be more likely to have male infertility if you have had:

  • Past inflammation of the prostate or past genital infections
  • Injury to or twisting (torsion) of the testicles
  • Early or late puberty
  • Exposure of the genitals to high temperatures
  • Hernia repair
  • Undescended testicles

You may also be at risk if you take certain prescription medicines. These include medicines for ulcers, psoriasis, depression, and high blood pressure.

How Is Male Infertility Treated?

Treatment depends on what is causing your infertility.

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